Stages of development of the baby 7 to 12 months
Begins the time of active exploration of the world with a little restless. Some babies are already crawling, stubbornly trying to get to interesting things. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor the cleanliness of the room in which the world is known, to remove dangerous objects as far as possible.
Enter the second lure — fruit puree. Later they add milk porridge (buckwheat, rice), to which yolk is added a few weeks later. By the end of the month it can add up to 600 grams in weight, and up to 2 cm in height.
The kid begins to recognize the surrounding objects and can show them. Crawls on his own, makes the first attempts to stand on his legs. The number of sounds being uttered increases. Therefore, it is necessary to engage with the child, read books to him, telling in simple words about the world around him. He likes to play simple games, during which he develops fine motor skills of hands.
What can a child at the end of the seventh month:
- confidently sit with your back straight without support;
- kneel, climb the legs, holding the sides of the bed;
- crawling confidently, with some only getting backwards;
- show on objects, memorize their names;
- repeat some actions of adults;
- look at pictures in books, flipping pages.
At this age, the baby sits alone without assistance. Can hold toys in both hands at once. Continuing to master the skill of crawling.
Most children have at this time up to six teeth, they learn to chew food. For this, thicker porridges are cooked, and stewed vegetables are crumpled, and not wiped down to a liquid state. Children experts recommend to teach chewing as soon as possible, to prepare the transition of the body to «adult» food. A child can drink from a special drinking pot or from a cup.
Eats baby every 4 hours, and sleep lasts up to 15 hours a day. Weight increases by about 600 grams, and growth — by 1.5-2 cm.
He is happy to communicate with his relatives, can try to manipulate them, demanding constant presence. Recognizes mom and dad in photos. He speaks a lot and eagerly, changing the volume of his voice, learns to whisper after adults.
What can a child at the end of the eighth month:
- independently sit, stand up and step over the support;
- navigate in familiar surroundings;
- Express different emotions: delight, surprise, discontent;
- speak consciously simple words;
- perform simple actions at the request: show, bring, etc.
This is the period when a baby, learning to crawl quickly, begins to scrupulously master the world around it. His curiosity is so great that it is worth thinking about security, block access to cabinets and shelves. She can independently stand, adhering to the support, with pleasure moves around the house, holding hands of adults. Makes timid attempts to walk independently.
Happy to move around the house, holding hands of adults.
Every day brings new syllables and sounds. He likes to copy adults, but not mindlessly, but understanding the meaning of the spoken words and pronouncing the combinations he heard. At this stage, it is important to communicate a lot with the baby; speech formation and vocabulary volume will depend on it. Fine motor skills of the fingers are improved, it can examine small objects, wave the index finger.
In this month, the weight increases by another 500 grams, and growth rates — by 1.5-2 cm. The diet of the child continues to expand. If meat has not yet been introduced to the feed, then it’s time to do it. The day regimen includes a two-day sleep, but some children prefer to sleep three times.
What can a child at the end of the ninth month:
- emotionally relate to parents;
- try to eat yourself with a spoon;
- turn back when crawling;
- crying and crying to manipulate relatives;
- drinking from a mug, holding it alone.
The month is characterized by the fact that the child is gaining less weight — up to 350 grams, the growth increases by only 1 cm. But he is still better at controlling his body, quickly learning new skills and improving old ones. Well sits and gets up without assistance, but still adhering to the support.
Changing the mode of daytime sleep. Many kids have enough and one rest. But then it is worth putting to bed early in the evening. The diet of the baby continues to increase, cottage cheese and kefir are added (you can give up to 100 grams per day). It is not necessary to feed by force, it can form a negative attitude to certain products.
In the tenth month, the child is more confident in controlling his movements, performs many small actions with his fingers: he crushes clay, tears paper, sorts out small toys. The better the development of fine motor skills, the faster the intellect develops. You can pay attention to what hand the child uses more, left or right, it depends on whether he is left-handed or right-handed.
The first social skills begin to develop, parents help the child to play in the company of children. With pleasure she claps her hands, stomping and dancing with the appearance of music.
WHAT can a child at the end of the tenth month:
- from a standing position to sit independently;
- try to name the surrounding objects;
- perform more complex actions: opens — closes, takes — puts;
- consciously play with toys: a car rolls, builds a tower;
- repeat after adults gestures and facial expressions.
The energy of the kid hits over the edge, he uses every opportunity to get acquainted with the outside world. Therefore, trying to climb on the chairs and sofa, interested in the contents of cabinets and cabinets. He takes the first steps on his own and with pleasure walks by the hand with his mother. Maybe for a long time to engage in a toy or favorite subject.
The kid already has several teeth, so the daily menu necessarily includes meat and once a week low-fat varieties of fish. You can make small pieces of boiled potatoes and carrots. And special children’s cookies and yogurts. For a month the increase in growth is only 1 cm, the weight increases by 350 grams.
During this period, the baby understands the word «no», understands her mother’s reaction, realizes how he acted — good or bad. Some call items from the environment.
What can a child at the end of the eleventh month:
- walk a few steps without support;
- try to be independent, he puts on socks himself, eats with a spoon;
- nod in approval, shake head when denying;
- take small things with two fingers — index and big;
- play with parents in plot games;
- “Read” by flipping through a book.
The action becomes the main component of a one-year-old child. To walk by the handle or independently, to take an active part in the processes of feeding and dressing, to play alone or with the same age, to explore everything that catches your eye — the baby can do it all day with great desire.
This is the time of the active development of the child, when he begins to feel himself a personality, seeks to do a lot on his own (myself!), Is capricious in the case of refusals and prohibitions. Psychologists talk about the crisis of the first year, but it can not touch every kid.
Many mothers transfer the baby to the common table, but this does not mean that you can feed him along with adults. Children’s menu remains, added oatmeal and semolina, butter.
What can a child at the end of the twelfth month:
- squat down, get up from this position;
- use a mug and spoon, chew food;
be addicted to food, refuse to eat what you do not like;
- understand what they say;
- know how to use household items: telephone, hairbrush, broom;
- disassemble and assemble toys consisting of several parts;
- search for the desired item.
All told quite conditionally. A child necessarily goes through many stages in its development. But if one kid a year actively tries to run, the other still makes timid attempts to walk. Someone with pleasure communicates with all people, and someone starts crying loudly, having seen the stranger. It depends on the environment in which the child grows, on living conditions, on the temperament and character of the baby. Heredity plays a big role.
But do not compare it with others. The time will come, and the baby will learn everything. One year is a huge stage in the life of a child from infancy to an independent little man who speaks, walks, plays, laughs, understands others, becomes a real person with his own tastes and preferences. And the main thing for loving parents is to surround him with love and care, help and support, teach and educate.