First trimester of pregnancy
The initial trimester of pregnancy is the period from the 1st to the 12th — 13th obstetric weeks. The countdown of the obstetric period begins from the moment of the last menstruation, and not from the moment of conception.
We will talk about how the first trimester of pregnancy proceeds and what features it has: how the body is changing, which menu is most useful now, what is not recommended, and much, much more that future mothers will be interested in.
The first third of pregnancy is an important and crucial time in a woman’s life. After all, there is a laying of all organs and systems of the baby, the formation of the placenta — the organ that delivers nutrients and oxygen to the fetus.
Changes in the body in the first trimester of pregnancy
What changes occur in the first trimester of pregnancy with a woman? The beginning of the expectation of the baby individually and depends on many factors. The most important is the absence of menstruation. However, in some cases, there is a slight bleeding, continuing for some time. Then the pregnant woman learns about her position only after three months. But this rarely happens.
Many note an increase in urination. This is due mainly to the increasing in size of the uterus, squeezing the bladder.
Hormone adjustment during pregnancy often leads to constipation. Progesterone affects stool abnormality. It reduces the muscle tone of the intestines, slowing down peristalsis. To improve the work of the intestine, you need to consume about 8 glasses of liquid a day and diversify your diet with fresh vegetables, fruits and dairy products. Do not get involved in fatty foods, whole milk, pastry baked.
Almost all pregnant women indicate changes in the breast. At the same time, they feel that the mammary glands become harder and more painful. This is due to the preparation for lactation. The nipples swell and rise, and the skin around them becomes dark. Some have sore nipples.
Another concomitant symptom of pregnancy in the first trimester is fatigue. To cope with it, you need a good rest. The duration of sleep at night should be about 10 hours.
Periodically, pre-unconscious conditions can occur. They are due to a decrease in total blood pressure due to the active blood supply to the uterus. Provokes dizziness and fainting for a long time in a standing or sitting position. Therefore, it is necessary from time to time to exercise to improve blood circulation.
In addition, a distinctive feature of the first trimester of pregnancy is toxicosis. It is manifested by nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and abundant salivation. This is a temporary condition, signs of toxicosis almost completely go to the 12-13th week.
Possible problems in the first trimester
The main hazards and risks to the health of the woman and the fetus in the first third of the gestation period:
- Ectopic pregnancy;
- The development of pathologies in the embryo;
- Hormonal disruptions leading to increased uterine tone, miscarriage, or missed abortion.
In order to minimize the risks listed above, it is necessary:
- Before planning to undergo a medical examination for existing diseases and, if necessary, be treated;
- Take folic acid, which will reduce the risk of dangerous pathologies in the embryo, and multivitamins recommended by the doctor;
- Regularly visit the gynecologist;
- Sleep at least 10 hours a day;
- Walk more in the open air;
- Eat balanced (eat more vegetables and fruits, berries and greens, corresponding to the season).
What should not be done in the first trimester of pregnancy?
- Smoking, including passive smoking (being in rooms with smokers);
- Drink alcoholic beverages;
- To experience nervous tension, stress, overwork;
- Undergo x-ray examination;
- Take medication without the consent of your doctor.
Sex during the first trimester.
As we said earlier, obstetric gestational age is usually counted from the onset of the last menstruation. Therefore, the beginning of the first trimester of pregnancy implies the obligatory engagement of partners with sex for conception. The most favorable is the missionary position.
In the subsequent sex are not contraindicated in the normal course of pregnancy. Contraindications or restrictions may be formulated by a medical specialist (for example, a local gynecologist at the antenatal clinic), depending on the state of health of the woman and the nature of the course of the pregnancy.
Due to hormonal changes, an increase in libido is peculiar to a woman. The partner should be attentive, sensitive and in every way support a healthy psycho-emotional climate in the family.
You can get more detailed information on this topic in our other article.