gymnastics for baby
Gymnastics for newborns allowed from the first month of life. Charging develops motor skills, muscular system, balance, movement coordination, and also has a beneficial effect on the respiratory, circulatory, cardiovascular, and nervous systems of infants. Exercises need to be carried out in a game form and at the same time tenderly talk with the baby.
First of all before starting the procedure, you need to make sure that the child is healthy, not hungry and in a good mood. It is better to undress the baby completely and do exercises at a comfortable temperature in the room. It is also important to remember that the ligamentous apparatus in infants, especially in the newborn, is delicate and elastic. All movements should be soft and gentle. The intensity and amplitude of the exercises increases after six months. At this age, the child begins to gradually master the basic motor skills. Above all turns over on his stomach, sits down, gets up on all fours, crawls, rises, squats, takes the first steps. From a passive observer, the child turns into an active participant in charging. That is why gymnastics for the newborn should become an active assistant to its further development and growth.
Gymnastic for babies near me. First Month
How is gymnastics for newborns? And do you need it at all? This question should ask yourself mom, whose baby was born absolutely healthy. From the first days of life begins a difficult period of adaptation to the new environment. At this age, most of the time children sleep, and eat during breaks. In addition to maternal warmth and care, the baby needs nothing more in the first weeks of life. Therefore, one can also hear the following opinion: one should not rush either with a massage or with gymnastics. What does gymnastics for a month-old baby include? All exercises are aimed at developing balance and stabilization in the body, as well as training the muscles. There should be no active movements. All exercises are performed in the most sparing, smooth mode, without power pressure.
Exercise number 1. The kid lies on his back, his pelvis is in a free position, he should not be lifted or, on the contrary, pressed. An adult becomes from the side of the baby’s feet and bends his legs at a right angle to the pelvis. Also, the legs should be bent at a right angle at the knees. In this position, you need to fix the baby’s feet.You must ensure that the knees of the infant were in line with the shoulder joints. You should clasp the baby’s knees with your hands so that your thumbs lie on the lower leg and the inner surface of the knee joint. In this position, you need to hold the legs for 3 minutes. During this period, you need to work on your knees for 7 seconds, then reduce the impact for 10 seconds, then hold your legs together again.
Exercise number 2. This exercise trains the muscles of the back and neck, forms the skill of holding the head. Baby is lying on his stomach. The adult, who is behind, bends and wraps his arms around the shoulders of the infant. In this way helps the child to stay on elbows. This position independently mastered in about 3 months. You can slightly spread the shoulders of the baby to the side, it will lead to a reaction – the baby will begin to raise his head.
Exercise number 3. The infant is at the back, and the adult is standing to his left. You need to put a palm under the head of the baby so as to fix his head. And with the other hand, the right knee of the infant is fixed in the same way as this is done in the first exercise. Hold the baby also need for 3 minutes, with alternate exposure and relaxation. Then you need to go to the right side and do the same exercise with your left foot.
No pain during gymnastics baby should not feel. He may cry because of the unusual sensations in the body, which were unknown to him so far. These exercises are useful in enabling the body to respond to the effects. In this way, an independent training of the muscles and the formation of movement coordination take place.
Gymnastic for babies near me. Second month
What does gymnastics for a child in 2 months include? Charging begins with stroking and should alternate with massage movements. Read more about how to massage babies, read our other article. All listed exercises are considered universal. They can be performed at any age in children under one year. Only the duration and intensity of movement changes.
Exercise number 1. Kid lies on his back. It is necessary to take him by the wrists and open his arms to the sides, then cross his chest, as if the baby is hugging himself, and then return to the starting position. This exercise can be done 5-8 times.
Exercise number 2. Kid in the same position. It is necessary to clasp it by the forearm and raise the arms up to the level of the shoulder girdle, and then lower it down, pressing it against the body.
Exercise number 3. Baby in the same position. It is necessary to clasp the baby by the wrists and perform several circular movements with the hands forward and then in the opposite direction.
Exercise number 4. Baby in the same position. It is necessary to clasp the baby by the forearm and perform several alternate movements of the arms up and down.
Exercise number 5. Baby in the same position. It is necessary to clasp the child by the wrists and forearms and perform several shock, boxing movements with his hands forward.
Exercise number 6. Baby in the same position. You can make circular movements of the hip joints with diluted knees to the sides. You can also apply the method of passive stabilization, as is done in charging for newborns.
Exercise number 7. Baby in the same position. It is necessary to alternately raise and lower the legs, pressing them to the stomach.
Exercise number 8. Baby in the same position. You need to touch the heel of the right foot on the knee of your left, then change the legs and do the exercise in the same way.
Exercise number 9. Baby in the same position. It is necessary to straighten and connect the feet of the baby in the knees and feet, then raise them up and down.
Exercise number 10. Baby in the same position. You need to lift his legs up and make everyone the famous exercise “bike”, alternately rotating his legs.
Exercise number 11. The baby is lying on his stomach, leaning on the forearm. It is necessary to bend the legs at the knees and press them to the hip joints, the “frog” pose will turn out.
Exercise number 12. In the same position, you can alternately push the legs to the side and up, bending at the knees. When pushing the legs you need to act gently, without pressure. You can also alternately bend the legs at the knees at a right angle and imitate a movement similar to running.
Gymnastics for babies at 2 months in most types of exercises are passive. The child only observes her mother’s hands, emotionally responds to gentle words and strokes. But at the same time the reflex muscular responses are included in the baby. Of course, it’s early to speak about conscious movements at this age.
Gymnastic for babies near me. Third month
Gymnastics for a child in 3 months should be aimed at the formation of an important skill – turning over on the stomach. To do this, it is necessary to strengthen the muscles of the neck, back and abs, to develop balance. At this age, you can spend the same gymnastics, as in 2 months. Also charging is complicated by other exercises.
Lifting from a position on the abdomen. To do this, you need to put your thumbs in the palm of the child and clasp the forearm. Then you need to carefully lift the crumb, as if sitting down, then lower it to its original position. You can perform 3-4 lifting.
Turns on the abdomen with hands. The baby is lying on its back. You need to take it by one hand and move it through the body in the opposite direction. Then the same movement must be repeated with the other hand. Reflexively the body of the baby will reach for the hand. In this way, the skill of a coup from the back to the stomach is practiced.
Turns on the abdomen with the help of the legs. Baby is lying on his back. You need to bend the leg and turn it in the direction of the turn of the body, as if throwing it on the other leg. The body will reflex move in the direction of turning the leg. Also, turns on the stomach can be made from the position on the side.
Spine extension in weight. To perform this exercise, babies need to take under the belly and lift. Reflexively the baby raises his head and extends the back.
Gymnastic for babies near me. Fourth Month
Gymnastics for a child in 4 months repeats a set of previous exercises. What is especially useful for children at this age and what do they perceive with delight?
Charging for hands. The exercise “palms” well develops fine motor skills and brings a lot of positive emotions. You can perform cross movements with your hands in the form of hugs, “box”, “float” – all those exercises that were performed in the first months of life.
Charging for the legs. At this age, the baby begins to perceive all the actions of adults as a game. Interesting for the baby will be the exercise “bike”. Also, children love to “applaud” with their feet. To do this, attach the baby’s feet to each other and clap them. You can fold your legs into the “frog” position and swing the baby, reach down with your toes, etc. You can also stretch in this way: you need to pull your right arm and left leg towards each other, then change your arm and leg.
Exercises for the abs. Children of this age are already trying to pull themselves up on their hands if they put their thumbs in their palms. During the day, you can arrange for the baby several times such lifts that train the abdominal muscles, as well as the back, arms and neck well.
At this age, all movements become more energetic and intense. The child from the passive observer gradually turns into an active participant in the process.
Gymnastic for babies near me. Fifth month
Gymnastics for a child in 5 months no longer brings discomfort, since by this age the hypertonus passes. When bending and unbending limbs, turning the torso and head, the baby feels more relaxed and free to move. What is most interesting and useful at this age?
– Lifting the handle from the prone position.
– Bending of the legs at the knees and sliding movements of the feet on the surface in the supine position.
– Stepping movements in an upright position with support feet on a hard surface (you need to keep the baby under the armpits).
– “Flight” on the abdomen with the deflection of the spine (performed on weight).
– “Flight” on the back, when the child is straining the abdominal muscles and trying to keep the body on weight (performed on weight).
– Coup from back to stomach and back.
The baby of this age is constantly moving during wakefulness, that is, it is training, even if the mother does not perform any special exercises. It is important to motivate the child to move.
Gymnastic for babies near me. Six month
Gymnastics for children in 6 months is aimed at the gradual formation of the skill of sitting and crawling. At this age and later, the baby may make the first attempts to get up on all fours. And we need to encourage him to take this particular position in every possible way. If the baby is not sitting at this age – this is normal. Do not sit down too often and force the development of motor skills.
Raising the body. The exercise is performed from a prone position on the stomach. It is necessary to lift the handles of the child, dilute it to the side and slightly pull the body towards you. In this position, the baby holds the head well, tries to kneel. If the exercise does not work, the child is uncomfortable, do not repeat it. Need to come back to him later.
Crawling skill. This skill is laid by nature, it does not need to be specially developed. But it is possible to push a baby to crawl, motivating him with new toys, attractive, bright household objects, etc. When the baby is lying on his stomach, you can put a bright toy in front of him. It will be a good incentive to move forward in a great way. You can also help a little baby, stimulating the legs to move. To do this, alternately bend them at the knees.
Fine motor skills. Gymnastics for kids of this age develops not only large, but also fine motor skills. It is important to do finger gymnastics and massage the palms, while telling the rituals. Finger games like all children, in addition, stimulate the brain. During the breeding of hands to the side, you can put toys in the form of rings in the palm of a child.
Gymnastic for babies near me. Second half year.
Gymnastics for children under one year is divided into two stages: passive and active. After 6 months, active gymnastics begins, when the child already understands a lot (especially by the end of the first year of life) and can perform a number of exercises independently, in a playful way.
Encouraging crawling. Well, if the baby is in no hurry to rise to the upright position. It takes time to strengthen and form the muscles of the back. As before, crawling can be stimulated with new toys, bright objects. From the position on all fours, the baby will eventually try to rise to its feet.
Strengthening the muscles of the back and abdomen. You can put the baby on your lap with your belly down, so that your head, chest and shoulders sag. From this position, you need to ask the baby to pick up the toy from the floor. This task can be given when the child lies in the same position only on the back. The child will sag, make the bridge, and then rise to its original position.
Sport equipment. The older the baby gets, the more skills of large motor skills it has. In the exercises you can already use the available tools and sports equipment: jump ropes, balls, hoops, pins. Read about the fitball for babies in our other article.
Skill walk. After about 10-11 months (for someone it happens earlier, for someone later), the children stand on their own, try to stand without support and take the first steps, holding the hand of their mother or father. At this age, you can already encourage the desire of the baby to walk, squat, stand up.