The 10 most common causes of miscarriage in early pregnancy
According to statistics, 15-20% of all pregnancies end in miscarriage. In most cases, this happens when the woman does not realize that she is pregnant. But sometimes it happens and with those who are already attached to his petitely and loved it. How to comfort a woman in this case? Just the next pregnancy. But those who have experienced such a catastrophe in their lives, and those who have not yet experienced the bitterness of loss, must undergo a small educational program on issues related to miscarriage. The most important thing is to know what factors can cause termination of pregnancy, and what can be done to prevent miscarriage.
We will talk about early miscarriages occurring on the period up to 12 weeks, the vast majority of them occur during this period. So, the most common causes of miscarriages in early pregnancy:
1. Genetic disorders of the fetus
According to statistics, about 73% of miscarriages occur for this reason. As a rule, these genetic defects are not hereditary, and are the result of single mutations that have occurred in the germ cells of parents under the influence of harmful environmental factors (radiation, occupational hazards, viruses, etc.). Abortion for this reason is a kind of natural selection – getting rid of weak, unviable offspring. To prevent such a miscarriage is almost impossible, you can only reduce the risk of genetic abnormalities before conception, as much as possible to protect themselves from the effects of mutagenic factors. But under modern ecology the likelihood mutations would still remains, because miscarriages, occurring for this reason can be will be honored for good, because they they they save woman from many problems and trouble in the future.
2. Hormonal disturbance
When an imbalance of hormones in a woman’s body is disturbed, abortion often occurs in the early period. Most often this happens with a lack of the main hormone of pregnancy-progesterone. With the timely detection of this problem, pregnancy can be saved with the help of progesterone preparations. Excess male sex hormones can also cause early miscarriage-they suppress the production of estrogen and progesterone. Often, androgens that cause recurrent (habitual) miscarriages. Affect the formation and development of pregnancy, as hormones of the adrenal glands and thyroid gland. Therefore, dysfunction of these glands can also cause miscarriage.
3. Immunological causes
This usually occurs during a RH conflict. The embryo inherits the positive RH of the father, while the negative RH of the mother rejects the foreign tissues of the embryo. To prevent miscarriage in an immune conflict, progesterone preparations are used, which in this case have an immunomodulatory effect.
4. Sexually transmitted infections
Sexually transmitted infections: trichomoniasis, toxoplasmosis, syphilis, chlamydia, as well as herpes and cytomegalovirus infection often cause miscarriage.
Pathogenic bacteria and viruses cause infection of the fetus, damage to the membranes, resulting in miscarriage. To prevent this, it is desirable to treat infections before pregnancy.
5. General infectious and inflammatory diseases of internal organs
All diseases accompanied by intoxication and fever above 38 ° C can lead to miscarriage. Rubella, viral hepatitis and flu are leading in this list. Even a trivial sore throat can become fatal within 4-10 weeks of pregnancy. And so pneumonia, pyelonephritis, appendicitis – a serious risk to the fetus. That is why, when planning a pregnancy, it is necessary to undergo a full medical examination, to identify and cure all foci of chronic infection.
6. History of abortion
Abortion is not just a medical manipulation: it is a huge stress for the female body, which can lead to dysfunction of the ovaries and adrenal glands; it contributes to the development of inflammatory processes in the genital organs. This can cause infertility and habitual miscarriages later.
7. Medicines and herbs
In the first trimester of pregnancy, it is desirable to avoid taking medication at all. Many of them can cause abortion or cause malformations in the fetus. For example, narcotic analgesics or hormonal contraceptives are often responsible for abortion. You also need to be careful with medicinal herbs: parsley, nettle, cornflower, St. John’s wort, tansy – contraindicated in pregnant women in the early period.
Severe fright or sudden grief, grudge or lasting mental and emotional overstrain are dangerous for little creatures in your womb. If you, by fate, are forced to be under the influence of stress, discuss with your doctor the possibility of taking sedatives, at least the same Valerian.
9. Unhealthy lifestyle
Alcohol, drugs, Smoking, excessive coffee, poor and inadequate nutrition are all allies of miscarriage. Adjust your lifestyle better before conception.
10. Falling, lifting, sexual intercourse
Physical activity, kettlebell lifting, weak fall, contrary to popular belief, in themselves rarely lead to miscarriage. They can be — and often are-a trigger for spontaneous abortion if one of the above problems is present. However, if the mother’s body is healthy and the genetic program of the fetus is normal, then the fall or physical overload must be truly terrible to harm the fetus.
Signs of miscarriage
If time to notice the first signs of an approaching miscarriage, it is usually possible to maintain pregnancy. Pain in the lower abdomen or lower back, especially cramping, spotting, bleeding – if any of these symptoms, call a doctor immediately, call an ambulance. In such situations, every minute counts. The bleeding with the pieces of tissue suggests that the miscarriage has already occurred.